There has been an effort to state and verify the impact of the trend of democracy seeking by nations on the United Nations’ structure. The research begins by introducing the series of conceptual changes in democracy.
Then, after explaining the direction of democracy in today’s world and how democracy should be to meet the needs of the humanity of the third millennium, the elements of the final model are extracted. In the next section, amendments and modifications, as well as orders and decisions made by the UN concerning this issue, are studied. In chapter four, the effects of the democracy-seeking trend on the improvement of the UN’s structure are addressed. Today’s mankind is in need of universal support to fulfill their needs. To this aim, no organization is as legitimate and plausible as the UN. Thus, to be more efficient and to react to the pressures imposed by world communities, the UN has embarked on extensive changes. In the end, more theoretical deepening of such changes is recommended.
The United Nations in the second decade of the 21st century :
After the Cold War, the components of power shifted from the hard and secure to the soft and intelligence components. And soft power along with hard power was used as smart power in campaigns.
The United Nations is no exception and is now an intelligent power. Although in the past, the United Nations relied on its soft power levers.
Hard components of power in the United Nations:
– The military force under the command of the United Nations
– North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO
– The armed forces of the member states under the command of the United Nations.
– Armed forces of member countries when necessary
Soft power components in the United Nations:
– Security Council resolutions and their binding
– Resolutions of agencies and their councils
– The media position of the United Nations
– The General Assembly of the United Nations
– Powers of the Secretary-General
But what happened in the pro-democracy events of the second decade of the 21st century, including Tunisia, Libya and Egypt, and other politically inflamed areas.
It was to some extent a demonstration of the intelligent power of the United Nations, which used diplomatic and soft tools when necessary and, if necessary, based on the same components of its soft power with the components of its hard power against human rights abuses. We can name the NATO invasion of Gaddafi-dominated Libya with the permission of the Security Council.
But what is painful is that the United Nations, under the influence of the great powers, still does not have the necessary efficiency to resolve or reduce crises.
The United Nations function had been locked in a security core since its inception, with the rise of democratization in the second half of the twentieth century, especially after the Cold War, pushing it away from the security core.
Suggestions for improving the reform situation at the United Nations:
The changes that have taken place in the United Nations, or in plans such as the Third Millennium Order, in a safer world and more freedom, or in the Secretary-General’s Action Plans, do not have a sufficient theoretical basis and are based on strategic thinking.
For the United Nations to be more efficient, and for the reform direction to move in the right direction, the organization must focus on strengthening its theoretical foundation. Sometimes this lack of a clear theoretical basis has led to confusion and reduced the organization’s reforms in the right direction.
۱. In the field of human rights, which is one of the main components of a desirable democracy, the problem that has arisen is that the United Nations has not identified the cultural differences that exist between countries and how it can be resolved. Although it recognizes cultural differences. For example, how does the hijab in Islamic societies and the attitudes of different religions towards women confirm it?
For this purpose, meetings should be organized so that the experts in this field reach a common semantic basis of the generalities of human rights, and also in the solutions of the meetings of these meetings, the cultural difference of the cults should be ensured.For this purpose, meetings should be organized so that the experts in this field reach a common semantic basis of the generalities of human rights, and also in the solutions leaving these meetings, the right to preserve the cultural differences of nations should be provided.
۲.In the category of democracy, which is endorsed and promoted by the United Nations, the current components of democracy, which have taken into account the current conditions and needs of human societies, although it has listed the values of democracy in meetings.But theoretical work does not end with enumerating the agreed values of democracy, but a general model or models should be the output of which cultural differences are taken into account.And this requires holding meetings and conducting research that focuses on democracy and the models of democracy needed today and in the future.
Sayyid Mohsen Madani / ۲۰۱۳